Whether you are running a business, are employed, or are studying, you may need loans at some stage. For businesspeople, often they need money for investments, stock inventory, or meet short-term capital requirements. Other people may require credits to settle their bills, pay for medical needs, or to settle some outstanding borrowing. Students may need some financing to pay for their tuition fees. No matter what is the need, a loan system is available for people to get the funding and pay the bills.
Types of Loans
There are two types of loans that one can apply for when they approach a lending institution: the secured loan and the unsecured loan. As the name implies, the secured loan has security. What it means is that when you go to the lender to ask for a secured loan, he would ask you to give some protection against which he would give you the funds. Usually, banks and other financial institutions ask for physical security that they will hold as a pledge of under lien marking till as long as the loan amount is outstanding and will release the asset when the loan amount settles. Business usually goes for a secured loan as they require a considerable amount of borrowing, that is only possible in secured loans. When the company applies for a secured loan, the borrower will evaluate the security, the market worth of the asset. If the asset is good security, the process will follow. Usually, the secured loans carry lower interest rates, and approval rates are high.
As the name implies, this type of borrowing does not have any security for the lender. A person can approach the lender and ask for the loan amount that is usually a small amount when compared to the secured loan.
The lender, in turn, will do a complete credit check of the applicant. A credit check tells the borrowing history of the applicant. Since the lender will get no security, these credit checks are essential. If the applicant has a bad credit score, i.e., a history of late payments or loan defaults, the lender will refuse the loan application.
So to get unsecured loans, the two criteria are that you should have a good credit history, and you need small funding. People prefer unsecured borrowings when they do not have any security to give, and they need small amounts.
One more thing to remember is that as opposed to secure a loan, the lender takes more risk by giving loans without security. So in most cases, the unsecured loans will carry a higher interest charge on the repayment then the secured loan.